Teknologi-Technology

Perkembangan Komputer

Komputer pertama kali digagas pada tahun 1822 yang awalnya hanya digunakan untuk sebagai alat penghitung cepat yang disebut difference engine. Setelah itu pada tahun 1833 Charles Babbage mengembangkan lagi difference engine dengan konsep yang lebih mendalam dan umum.  Mesin ini dapat melaksanakan kalkulasi apa saja, sehingga mesin inilah yang untuk pertama kali dikenal sebagai general purpose digital komputer yang disebut sebagai analytical engine.

Pada tahun 1937, Prof. Howard Aikem, seorang mulai merancang dan mengembangkan pembuatan sebuah komputer yang dapat melakukan operasi aritmatika dan logika secara otomatis. Komputer yang dirancang Prof Howard mulanya hanya mekanik elektronik. Kemudian dengan bantuan perusahaan IBM, yaitu perusahaan elektronik yang sekarang juga perusahaan komputer pada tahun 1944, komputer rancangannya tersebut terselesaikan secara elektronik. Komputer tersebut diberi nama “Harvard Mark I Automatic Sequence-Controlled Calculator (ASCC)”. Cukup rumit memang, namun itulah cikal bakal dari komputer itu sendiri.

Pada tahun 1948, mulailah ditemukannya transistor, inilah cikal bakal semua barang elektronik mempunyai ukuran yang kecil secara drastis. Tak terkecuali dengan komputer yang notabennya sebelumnya memiliki ukuran yang super besar. Pada tahun 1956 transistor mulai digunakan pada komputer yang membuat komputer bekerja lebih cepat, hemat, dan kecil. Mulailah berbagai perusahaan besar menggunakan komputer sebagai penunjang memproses informasi keuangan.

Pada tahun 1958 Jack Kilby mengembangkan sirkuit terintegrasi (IC : integrated circuit). IC mengkombinasikan tiga komponen elektronik dalam sebuah piringan silikon kecil yang terbuat dari pasir kuarsa. Pada ilmuwan kemudian berhasil memasukkan lebih banyak komponen-komponen ke dalam suatu chip tunggal yang disebut semikonduktor. Hasilnya adalah komputer semakin kecil, karena beberapa fungsi komponen telah diambil alih oleh IC.

Komputer semakin tahun semakin berkembang, dan akhirnya terbentuklah yang namanya procesor yang ditemukan pada tahun 1971. Setelah kejadian itu, komputer menjadi semakin kecil, karena banyak sekali komponen yang dijadikan satu dan perannya digantikan oleh procesor. Setelah itu, seiring dengan perkembangan komputer, ditemukanlah LAN untuk efisiensi pengiriman data, berbagi piranti, atau yang lainnya. Setelah banyak berkembang dari tahun ke tahun, sekarang komputer menjadi seperti yang kita lihat saat ini.

 Source: http://www.aingindra.com/artikel-teknologi-mengenai-perkembangan-komputer.html

Development of the Computer

 Computers were first conceived in 1822, originally only used for as a counter quickly called a difference engine. After that in 1833 Charles Babbage’s difference engine develops further with the concept of a more profound and general. This machine can carry out any calculations, so that the machine for the first time this is known as general purpose digital computer called the analytical engine.

 In 1937, Prof. Howard Aikem, a start designing and developing the production of a computer that can perform arithmetic and logic operations automatically. Computer designed Prof Howard initially only mechanical electronics. Then with the help of IBM company, is the electronics company is now also a computer company in 1944, the computer design is resolved electronically. The computer named “Harvard Mark I Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC)”. Quite complicated indeed, but that was the forerunner of the computer itself.

 In 1948, start the discovery of the transistor, this is the forerunner of all electronic goods having a small size drastically. No exception with computer that previously had a super large size. In 1956 the transistor began to be used on computers that make computers work faster, saving, and small. Start big companies use computers as a supporting process financial information.

In 1958 Jack Kilby developed the integrated circuit (IC: integrated circuit). IC combined three electronic components onto a small silicon disc made of quartz sand. Scientists later managed to fit more components into a single chip, called a semiconductor. The result is a smaller computer, because some components function has been taken over by the IC.

 Computers are increasingly growing year, and eventually formed the name of the processor that is found in 1971. After the incident, computers become smaller, because many components are put together and its role was replaced by processors. After that, along with the development of computer, found LAN for data transmission efficiency, sharing devices, or others. After expanding from year to year, now the computer into what we see today.

Source: https://translate.google.com

Terjemahan sendiri

Computer Development

           In 1822, the first computer was appear initially used for fast counters called difference engine. After that in 1833 Charles Babbage’s develops again the difference engine with the concept more deep and general. This machine can implement any calculations, so this machine for the first time is known as general purpose digital computer that called the analytical engine.

 In 1937, Prof. Howard Aikem, began create the designed and developed the production of  computer that can perform arithmetic and logic operations automatically. Computer designed by Prof Howard initially only mechanical electronics. Then in 1944, with the help of IBM company that is the electronics company and now also a computer company, the computer design is resolved electronically. The computer named “Harvard Mark I Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC)”. Half complicated, but that was the forerunner of the computer itself.

 In 1948, the transistor was found, this is the forerunner of all electronic goods having a small size drastically. No exception that computer had a super large size previously. In 1956 the transistor began to be used on computers that make computers work faster, saving, and small. Start big companies use computers as a supporting process financial information.

 In 1958, Jack Kilby developed the integrated circuit (IC: integrated circuit). IC combined of three electronic components onto a small silicon disc made of quartz sand. Scientists later managed to fit more components into a single chip, called a semiconductor. The result is a smaller computer, because some components function has been transfer by IC.

Computers are increasingly year to year, and finally formed a processor that found in 1971. After that, computers become smaller, because many components are put together and its role was replaced by processors. then, along with the development of computer, found by LAN for data transmission efficiency, sharing devices, or others. After much evolve from year to year, now the computer to be as that we see now.

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s