Definition of Idiom
The term refers to a set expression or a phrase comprising two or more words. An interesting fact regarding the device is that the expression is not interpreted literally. The phrase is understood as to mean something quite different from what individual words of the phrase would imply. Alternatively, it can be said that the phrase is interpreted in a figurative sense. Further, idioms vary in different cultures and countries.
Simple Definition of Idiom:
- an expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its separate words but that has a separate meaning of its own
- a form of a language that is spoken in a particular area and that uses some of its own words, grammar, and pronunciations
- a style or form of expression that is characteristic of a particular person, type of art, etc.
Idiom in Bahasa Indonesia
Idiom atau ungkapan adalah suatu gabungan kata, yang merupakan penggalan kalimat yang memiliki arti tersendiri. atau kelompok kata yang menyatakan makna kiasan.
- “Every cloud has its silver lining but it is sometimes a little difficult to get it to the mint.”
The statement quoted above uses “silver lining” as an idiom which means some suspicious moment is lurking behind the cloud or the difficult time.
- “American idioms drive me up the hall!”
Here, the word “idioms” is used as an idiom.
- “I worked the graveyard shift with old people, which was really demoralizing, because the old people didn’t have a chance in hell of ever getting out.”
In the extract quoted above, “graveyard shift” is employed as an idiom.
- Kirk: If we play our cards right, we may be able to find out when those whales are being released.
Spock: How will playing cards help?
(Captain James T. Kirk and Spock in Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home, 1986)
Here, “if we play our cards right” means “if we avail our opportunities rightly”.
Idiom Example in Newspaper
One newspaper reports that a politician has criticized doctors as a group, claiming that they do not understand how their patients suffer when they wait a long time to be treated. Doctors, the politician complains, are ‘out of touch’. To be out of touch is to not have the most recent information about a subject or a situation. On a different page, the same newspaper complains that a large sum of public money (330 thousand pounds) has been spent on equipment that will never be used. ‘£330k down the drain!’ reads the headline. Money down the drain (informal) is money wasted.
Another newspaper reports that a request by many people to stop a building from being destroyed has ‘fallen on deaf ears’. A request or warning that falls on deaf ears is not listened to. On the same page, the newspaper writes that the people of one country have ‘taken to the streets’. When people take to the streets, they show that they are against something by going to a public place and shouting, often while carrying signs. Elsewhere, the newspaper promises that cures for some diseases are ‘on the horizon.’meaning that they are likely to happen soon.
In the gossip pages of a tabloid newspaper, it is reported that an actor has said something very negative about a more famous actor. ‘Sounds like sour grapes’, says the newspaper. If you describe one person’s criticism of another person as sour grapes, you mean that they are only angry because the person they have criticized has something that they want. In the sports pages of the same paper, there is a report of a cricket match. It is claimed that the winning side are now ‘sitting pretty’. To be sitting pretty is to be in a good situation. (Often, it relates to money, though not in this case.)
Idiom Example in Bahasa Indonesia
- Ibu berpesan bahwa jika kita sedang bekerja, maka lakukanlah dengan sungguh-sungguh. Karena jika melakukan dengan setengah hati maka akan menjadi beban hidup (tak serius).
- Kembar triplet yang berasal dari Korea itu sedang naik daun melalui program superman return (populer).
- Jangan biarkan kantungmu bocor, ingatlah bulan depan kau akan menikah maka kau harus menutupi kantongmu rapat-rapat (boros; hemat).
- Semenjak kematian anaknya, Nenek Markonah hidup sebatang kara, hanya Murti – lah satu-satunya anak miliknya karena suaminya telah lama meninggal (seorang diri).
- Pemilu telah usai, pendukung dua kubu masih sering adu mulut (debat).
- Pertemuan empat mata antara kedua sahabat yang telah lama tidak berjumpa dipenuhi dengan canda dan tawa (pertemuan antara dua orang)
Tabel Arti dan Contoh Kalimat Idiom Bahasa Inggris